From C to Parton Sea: Bjorken-x dependence of the PDFs
February 14, 2017
March 24, 2017
Studying the structure of nucleons is not only important to understanding the strong interactions of quarks and gluons, but also to improving the precision of new-physics searches. Since a broad class of experiments, including the LHC and dark-matter detection, require Standard-Model backgrounds with parton distribution functions (PDFs) as inputs for disentangling SM contributions from potential new physics. For a long time, lattice calculations of the PDFs (as well as many hadron structures) has been limited to the first few moments. In this talk, we present a first direct calculation of the Bjorken-x dependence of the PDFs using Large-Momentum Effective Theory (LaMET). An exploratory study of the antiquark/sea flavor asymmetry of these distributions will be discussed. This breakthrough opens an exciting new frontier calculating more complicated quantities, such as gluon structure and transverse-momentum dependence, which will complement existing theoretical programs for the upcoming Electron-Ion Collider (EIC) or Large Hadron-Electron Collider (LHeC).
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