PoS - Proceedings of Science
Volume 256 - 34th annual International Symposium on Lattice Field Theory (LATTICE2016) - Plenary
From C to Parton Sea: Bjorken-x dependence of the PDFs
H.W. Lin
Full text: pdf
Pre-published on: February 14, 2017
Published on: March 24, 2017
Studying the structure of nucleons is not only important to understanding the strong interactions of quarks and gluons, but also to improving the precision of new-physics searches. Since a broad class of experiments, including the LHC and dark-matter detection, require Standard-Model backgrounds with parton distribution functions (PDFs) as inputs for disentangling SM contributions from potential new physics. For a long time, lattice calculations of the PDFs (as well as many hadron structures) has been limited to the first few moments. In this talk, we present a first direct calculation of the Bjorken-x dependence of the PDFs using Large-Momentum Effective Theory (LaMET). An exploratory study of the antiquark/sea flavor asymmetry of these distributions will be discussed. This breakthrough opens an exciting new frontier calculating more complicated quantities, such as gluon structure and transverse-momentum dependence, which will complement existing theoretical programs for the upcoming Electron-Ion Collider (EIC) or Large Hadron-Electron Collider (LHeC).
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22323/1.256.0005
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