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Roberge-Weiss transition in N$_{f}$=2 QCD with staggered fermions and N$_{\tau}$=6

A. Sciarra, O. Philipsen

in 34th annual International Symposium on Lattice Field Theory

Contribution: pdf


The QCD phase diagram at imaginary chemical potential exhibits a rich structure and studying it can constrain the phase diagram at real values of the chemical potential. Moreover, at imaginary chemical potential standard numerical techniques based on importance sampling can be applied, since no sign problem is present. In the last decade, a first understanding of the QCD phase diagram at imaginary chemical potential has been developed, but most of it is so far based on investigations on coarse lattices (\(N_t=4\), \(a=0.3\)fm). Considering the \(N_f=2\) case, at the Roberge-Weiss critical value of the imaginary chemical potential, the chiral/deconfinement transition is first order for light/heavy quark masses and second order for intermediate values of the mass: there are then two tricritical masses, whose position strongly depends on the lattice spacing and on the discretization. On \(N_t=4\), we have the chiral \(m_{\pi}^{\text{tric.}}=400\)MeV with unimproved staggered fermions and \(m_{\pi}^{\text{tric.}}\gtrsim900\)MeV with unimproved pure Wilson fermions. Employing finite size scaling we investigate the change of this tricritical point between \(N_t=4\) and \(N_t=6\) as well as between Wilson and staggerted discretization.