We summarize our results concerning the spectrum and mass anomalous dimension of SU(2) gauge theories with various numbers of fermions in the adjoint representation,
where each Majorana fermion corresponds effectively to half a Dirac flavour $N_f$. The most relevant examples for extensions of the standard model are supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory ($N_f=1/2$)
and Minimal Walking Technicolour ($N_f=2$). In addition to these theories I will also consider the cases of $N_f=1$ and $N_f=3/2$.
The results comprise the particle spectrum of glueballs, triplet and singlet mesons, and possible fractionally charged spin half particles. In addition I will discuss our recent results for the mass anomalous dimension.