Hadronisation Models and Colour Reconnection
2016 November 09
Enhanced production of hadrons with $s$-quark content has been observed in $pp$ collisions at LHC, and earlier in collisions of heavy nuclei. We review the string hadronisation formalism and corrections from rope hadronisation and colour reconnection. Both are corrections which take place in such dense environments, and both improve existing descriptions of data. Since such corrections are very sensitive to the modelling of transverse proton structure, we investigate two such models, and compare to final states. Finally we describe how such corrections can also give a possible explanation to collective phenomena observed in small systems.