PoS - Proceedings of Science
Volume 275 - 4th Annual Conference on High Energy Astrophysics in Southern Africa (HEASA 2016) - Astropartical Physics and Cosmology (Chair: Iu Sushch)
The effects of EBL inhomogeneity on the gamma-gamma absorption of VHE gamma-rays
H. Abdalla* and M. Böttcher
Full text: pdf
Published on: June 23, 2017
Very High Energy Gamma Rays (VHE; more than 100 GeV) from Cosmological Gamma Ray Sources such as blazars can be absorbed by the Extragalactic Background light (EBL),
which leads to a high-energy cut-off in blazar spectral energy distributions. However, recent observations of distant gamma ray sources suggest that the universe is more transparent
to VHE gamma rays than expected from our current knowledge of a homogeneous EBL. One of the possible solutions is the hypothesis that a reduced EBL opacity results from inhomogeneities
of the EBL density in particular if the line of sight to a blazar is passing through large voids in intergalactic space. We have evaluated the inhomogeneous and anisotropic EBL density and resulting
gamma-gamma opacity in such a case. We find that even a sizeable void $R \lesssim 1 \, h^{-1}$ ~Gpc or many typical voids $R \lesssim 100 \, h^{-1}$ ~Mpc located along the line of sight to a distant blazar leads to a reduction of the EBL opacity only
around 15\%. EBL inhomogeneities are not expected to reduce the EBL gamma-gamma opacity significantly, and alternative solutions to the problem of hard VHE spectra of blazars may be required.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22323/1.275.0011
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