Effects Of Meson-nucleon Dynamics In A Relativistic Approach To Medium-mass Nuclei
2017 May 04
2017 May 09
Recent developments in the relativistic nuclear field theory (RNFT) are reviewed. Based on the covariant meson-nucleon Lagrangian of quantum hadrodynamics, RNFT connects consistently the high-energy scale of heavy mesons, medium-energy range of pion and the low-energy domain of emergent collective vibrations (phonons) in a parameter-free way. Mesons and phonons build up the effective interaction in various channels, in particular, the phonon-exchange part takes care of the retardation effects, which are of great importance for the fragmentation of single-particle states, spreading of collective giant resonances and soft modes, quenching and beta-decay rates with significant consequences for astrophysics and for the theory of weak processes in nuclei. As examples, the recently discovered impact of isospin dynamics on the nuclear shell structure and the isospin-flip pairing vibrations are discussed.