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Volume 281 - The 26th International Nuclear Physics Conference (INPC2016) - Nuclear Reactions – Thursday 15
Sub-barrier Fusion Of Si + Si Systems: Does The Deformation Of 28Si Play A Role?
G. Colucci,* G. Montagnoli, A.M. Stefanini, D. Bourgin, P. Colovic, L. Corradi, S. Courtin, M. Faggian, E. Fioretto, F. Galtarossa, A. Goasduff, F. Haas, M. Mazzocco, F. Scarlassara, C. Stefanini, E. Strano, S. Szilner, M. Urbani, G.L. Zhang
*corresponding author
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Pre-published on: 2017 May 04
Published on: 2017 May 09
This contribution reports on the results of measurements of near- and sub-barrier fusion cross sections in the system $^{30}$Si+$^{30}$Si performed at the Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro of INFN.
The $^{30}$Si beam of the XTU Tandem accelerator in the energy range of 47 - 90 MeV, was delivered on a metallic $^{30}$Si target (50 $\mu$g/cm$^{2}$) enriched to 99.64 $\%$ in mass 30. A beam electrostatic deflector was used for the detection of evaporation residues.
The excitation function obtained for $^{30}$Si+$^{30}$Si has been compared with the previous data on $^{28}$Si+$^{28}$Si and Coupled Channels (CC) calculations using the M3Y+repulsion potential, taking into account the low lying 2$^+$ and 3$^-$ excitations. Reproducing the low-energy $^{28}$Si+$^{28}$Si excitation function was only possible by using a weak imaginary potential, probably simulating the oblate deformation of this nucleus. On the contrary, the data on $^{30}$Si+$^{30}$Si are nicely reproduced by the CC calculations without any imaginary potential ($^{30}$Si has a spherical shape).
The astrophysical S-factor does not show a maximum, so that there is no evidence for hindrance in the measured energy range. The logarithmic derivative of the two excitation functions highlights the difference between the two systems. Even above the barrier the two systems behave differently. This is best seen by comparing the two barrier distributions where the high energy peak observed for $^{28}$Si+$^{28}$Si is not found for $^{30}$Si+$^{30}$Si. This is presumably due to the stronger couplings present in $^{28}$Si and further theoretical analyses are in progress.
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