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Volume 282 - 38th International Conference on High Energy Physics (ICHEP2016) - Formal Theory Developments
Open Effective Field Theories from Highly Inelastic Reactions
E. Braaten,* H.W. Hammer, G.P. Lepage
*corresponding author
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Pre-published on: 2017-02-06 14:28:00
Published on: 2017-04-19 16:48:57
The loss of particles due to highly inelastic reactions has previously been taken into account in effective field theories for low-energy particles by adding local anti-Hermitian terms to the effective Hamiltonian. An additional modification is required in the time evolution equation for the density matrix of a multi-particle system. An effective density matrix can be defined by tracing over states containing high-momentum particles produced by the highly inelastic reactions and by a time average that eliminates short-time correlations. The effective density matrix satisfies the Lindblad equation, with local Lindblad operators that are determined by the anti-Hermitian terms in the effective Hamiltonian.
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