PoS - Proceedings of Science
Volume 301 - 35th International Cosmic Ray Conference (ICRC2017) - Session Neutrino. NU-atmospheric neutrinos and neutrino properties
Measurement of the depth dependence of coincidence rates induced by atmospheric muons with the first two KM3NeT Detection Units
M. Jongen* on behalf of the KM3NeT Collaboration
*corresponding author
Full text: pdf
Pre-published on: August 16, 2017
Published on: August 03, 2018
Abstract
A measurement of the depth dependence of the coincidence rates induced by atmospheric muons was performed using the first two KM3NeT Detection Units.

The Detection Units are positioned at a depth of approximately 3.5 km. Even though the large water overburden shields them from the bulk of the cosmic ray air shower particles, a significant amount of downgoing atmospheric muons reaches the detector. Due to the considerable height of the strings (approximately 630 m from the lowest to the highest module) the muon flux is expected to change along the strings.

For this analysis every Digital Optical Module is considered as a stand-alone unit. The KM3NeT multi-PMT design allows each optical module to be calibrated in-situ and allows to identify atmospheric muon events by requiring high-multiplicity local coincidences.

The excellent agreement between the data and the Monte Carlo simulations confirms that the measured coincidence rate as a function of the depth matches the expected behaviour due to the depth dependence of the atmospheric muon flux.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22323/1.301.1018
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