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Analysis of Solar Gamma Rays and Solar Neutrons detected on March 7th and September 25th of 2011 by Ground Level Neutron Telescopes, SEDA-FIB and FERMI-LAT

Y. Muraki, J.V. Galicia, X. Gonzalez, K. Kamiya, Y. Katayose, K. Koga, H. Matsumoto, S. Masuda, Y. Matsubara, Y. Nagai, M. Ohnishi, S. Ozawa, T. Sako, S. Shibata, M. Takita, Y. Tanaka, H. Tsuchiya, K. Watanabe, J. Zhang

in 35th International Cosmic Ray Conference

Contribution: pdf


At the 33rd ICRC, we reported the possible detection of solar gamma rays by a ground level detector and later re-examined this event. On March 7, 2011, the solar neutron telescope (SNT) located at Mt. Sierra Negra, Mexico (4,600 m) observed enhancements of the counting rate from19:49 to 20:02 UT and from 20:50 to 21:01 UT. The statistical significance was 9.7sigma and 8.5sigma, respectively. This paper discusses the possibility of using this mountain detector to detect solar gamma rays.
In association with this event, the solar neutron detector SEDA-FIB onboard the International Space Station has also detected solar neutrons with a statistical significance of 7.5sigma. The FERMI-LAT detector also observed high-energy gamma rays from this flare with a statistical significance of 6.7sigma. We thus attempted to make a unified model to explain this data.
In this paper, we report on another candidate for solar gamma rays detected on September 25th, 2011 by the SNT located in Tibet (4,300 m) from 04:37 to 04:47 UT with a statistical significance of 8.0sigma (by the Li-Ma method). 
To the best of our knowledge, there was no report on the detection of solar gamma rays by a ground based detector. This report may be the first report on the detection of solar gamma rays. Many cosmic ray detectors are located at high mountains. Gamma rays are a useful tool to study particle acceleration processes at the Sun.