Mass Composition of Cosmic Rays with Combined Surface Detector Arrays
August 16, 2017
August 03, 2018
Our study exploits the Constant Intensity Cut principles applied simultaneously to muonic and electromagnetic detectors of cosmic rays. We use the fact that the ordering of events according to their signal sizes induced in different types of surface detectors provides information about the mass composition of primary cosmic-ray beam, with low sensitivity to details of hadronic interactions. Composition analysis at knee energies is performed using Monte Carlo simulations for extensive air showers having maxima located far away from a hypothetical observatory. Another type of a hypothetical observatory is adopted to examine composition of ultra-high energy primaries which initiate vertical air showers with maxima observed near surface detectors.
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