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Volume 306 - XII Multifrequency Behaviour of High Energy Cosmic Sources Workshop (MULTIF2017) - Astrophysics of High Energy Cosmic Sources
Future Ground-based Wide Field of View Air Shower Detectors
G. Di Sciascio
Full text: pdf
Pre-published on: 2018 February 03
Published on: 2018 May 30
Extensive air shower (EAS) arrays directly sample the shower particles that reach the observation altitude.
They are wide field of view (FoV) detectors able of simultaneously and continuously viewing all the overhead sky. In fact, EAS arrays have an effective FoV of about 2 sr and operate with a duty cycle of $\sim$100\%.
This capability makes them well suited to study extended sources, such as the Galactic diffuse emission and measure the spectra of Galactic sources at the highest energies (near or beyond 100 TeV).
Their sensitivity in the sub-TeV/TeV energy domain cannot compete with that of Cherenkov telescopes, but the wide FoV
is ideal to perform unbiased sky surveys, discover transients or explosive events (GRBs) and monitor variable or flaring sources such as Active Galactic Nuclei (AGN).
An EAS array is able to detect at the same time events induced by gammas and charged cosmic rays, thus studying the connession between these two messengers of the non-thermal Universe.
Therefore, these detectors are, by definition, multi-messenger instruments.

Wide FoV telescopes are crucial for a multi-messanger study of the Gravitational Wave events due to their capability to survey simultaneously all the large sky regions identified by LIGO and VIRGO, looking for a possibile correlated $\gamma$-ray emission.

In this contribution we summarize the scientific motivations which push the construction of new wide FoV detectors and introduce the future instruments currently under installation. Finally, we emphasize the need of an EAS array in the Southern hemisphere to monitor the Inner Galaxy and face a number of important open problems.
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