PoS - Proceedings of Science
Volume 311 - Critical Point and Onset of Deconfinement (CPOD2017) - Parallel Session I
Critical fluctuations and complex spinodal points
X. An*, D. Mesterhazy and M. Stephanov
Full text: pdf
Pre-published on: January 16, 2018
Published on: January 22, 2018
The experimental signatures of the QCD critical point rely on the universal singular behavior of the equation of state at the critical point. Therefore, we study singularities of the universal scaling equation of state of the $\phi^4$ theory, or the Ising model. We focus on the relation between spinodal points that limit the domain of metastability for temperatures below the critical temperature, i.e., $T<T_{\rm c}$, and Lee-Yang edge singularities that limit the domain of analyticity around the point of zero magnetic field $H$ for $T>T_{\rm c}$. The extended analyticity conjecture (due to Fonseca and Zamolodchikov) that for $T<T_{\rm c}$ the Lee-Yang edge singularities are the closest singularities to the real $H$ axis have interesting implications, in particular, that the spinodal singularities do not lie on the real $H$ axis. We find that the Ising model parametric equation of state obtained in the $\epsilon=4-d$ expansion, as well as the related $O(N)$ model equation of state at large $N$, are both non-trivially consistent with this conjecture, and analyze the reason for the difficulty of addressing this question using the $\epsilon$-expansion. In particular, we resolve the long-standing paradox associated with the fact that the vicinity of the Lee-Yang edge singularity is described by Fisher's $\phi^3$ theory, which is nonperturbative even for $d\geq4$ where the equation of state of the $\phi^4$ theory is expected to become mean-field-like. We derive the Ginzburg criterion that determines the size of the region around the Lee-Yang edge singularity, where the mean-field theory no longer applies.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22323/1.311.0040
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