Inductive spikes and gamma-ray flares from the Crab Nebula
2017 December 12
The ~400 MeV flaring emission from the Crab Nebula is naturally explained as the result of an abrupt reduction in the mass-loading of the pulsar wind. Very few particles are then available to carry the current required to maintain wave activity, causing them to achieve high Lorentz factors. When they penetrate the Nebula, a tightly beamed, high luminosity burst of hard gamma-rays results, with characteristics similar to the observed flares. This mechanism may operate in other powerful pulsars, such as J0537-6910 (PWN N 157B), B0540-69, B1957+20 and J0205+6449 (3C 58).