PoS - Proceedings of Science
Volume 316 - XXVI International Workshop on Deep-Inelastic Scattering and Related Subjects (DIS2018) - WG6: Spin and 3D structure
Generalized distribution amplitudes and gravitational form factors for pion
Q.T. Song
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Pre-published on: September 20, 2018
Published on: November 23, 2018
Generalized parton distributions (GPDs) have been investigated in the deeply virtual Compton scattering (DVCS) to solve the proton spin puzzle. On the other hand, the generalized distribution amplitudes (GDAs) can be studied in the two-photon process $\gamma^* \gamma \rightarrow h \bar{h}$ which is accessible at KEKB. Namely, the GDAs are the $s$-$t$ crossed quantities of the GPDs. In 2016, the differential cross section of the process $\gamma^* \gamma \rightarrow \pi^0 \pi^0$ was measured by the Belle collaboration in the $e^+e^-$collision , so that the pion GDAs can be obtained by analyzing the Belle data. Expressing the GDAs with a few parameters, we determined the GDAs by a $\chi^2$ analysis . The form factors of the quark energy-momentum tensor are obtained from the determined GDAs. Then, we calculated the mass radius as 0.56-0.69 fm for the pion by using the form factor. This is the first study on gravitational form factors and radius of hadrons from actual experimental measurements . The Belle II will start taking data in 2018 by the upgraded SuperKEKB. Therefore, much accurate data are expected for the pion, and other hadron-pair productions will be measured in the near future. The GDA studies are valuable for understanding not only the 3D structure but also gravitational properties of hadrons.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22323/1.316.0142
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