PoS - Proceedings of Science
Volume 316 - XXVI International Workshop on Deep-Inelastic Scattering and Related Subjects (DIS2018) - WG6: Spin and 3D structure
Recent STAR Measurements to Constrain the Polarized Gluon Distribution Function of the Proton
A. Quintero*  on behalf of the STAR collaboration
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Pre-published on: September 20, 2018
Published on: November 23, 2018
The STAR experiment has been studying the spin structure of the proton, using the unique high-energy polarized proton collider, the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). The kinematic coverage at STAR allows accessing gluons because quark-gluon and gluon-gluon scatterings dominate particle production at low and medium transverse momenta. The polarized gluon distribution function can be constrained by measuring the longitudinal double-spin asymmetry ($A_{LL}$) of jet production and neutral pions. Global QCD analyses of polarized parton distribution functions, which include the 2009 $A_{LL}$ STAR results for inclusive jet production at $\sqrt{s}=200$ GeV, provide evidence of a non-zero gluon polarization in the measured range of partonic momentum fraction $x > 0.05$. We present the status of the latest measurements of $A_{LL}$ at STAR, for inclusive jet and dijet production at $\sqrt{s}=510$ GeV and 200 GeV collected in 2013 and 2015 respectively, both at mid-rapidity ($|\eta|<0.9$). The large data sample taken during these years will improve the precision of our knowledge about the proton spin structure while the increased center of mass energy allows probing the polarized gluon distribution function at smaller partonic momentum fraction. Furthermore, we present measurements of $A_{LL}$ for neutral pions at forward rapidity ($2.65<\eta<3.9$) collected during 2012 and 2013 that also allow reaching lower partonic momentum fraction. We compare these measurements with the latest global analyses.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22323/1.316.0144
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