The RICH-1 Detector of the COMPASS experiment at CERN SPS has undergone an important upgrade in 2016.
Four new photon detectors, based on MPGD technology and covering a total active area larger than 1.2 square meters
have replaced the previously used MWPC-based photon detectors.
The new detector architecture, resulting from a dedicated, eight years long, R&D program, consists in a
hybrid MPGD combination of two THGEMs and a Micromegas stage; the first THGEM, coated with a CsI
layer, acts as a reflective photocathode.
The signals are extracted from the anode pads by capacitive coupling and read-out by analog
front-end electronics based on the APV25 chip.
The new COMPASS RICH-1 photon detectors are described in detail: the detector design,
the engineering aspects, the mass production, and the quality assessment are discussed.
The assembly of the MPGD components and the installation of the new detectors are illustrated together with
the main aspects of the commissioning. Preliminary indication of performance results are also presented