Fourier acceleration, the HMC algorithm and renormalizability
N.H. Christ* and E.W. Wickenden
May 29, 2019
The analysis developed by L\"uscher and Schaefer of the Hybrid Monte Carlo (HMC) algorithm is extended to include Fourier acceleration. We show for the $\phi^4$ theory that Fourier acceleration substantially changes the structure of the theory for both the Langevin and HMC algorithms. When expanded in perturbation theory, each five-dimensional auto-correlation function of the fields $\phi(x_i, t_i)$, $1\le i \le N $, corresponding to a specific 4-dimensional Feynman graph separates into two factors: one depending on the Monte-Carlo evolution times $t_i$ and the second depending on the space-time positions $x_i$. This separation implies that only auto-correlation times at the lattice scale appear, eliminating critical slowing down in perturbation theory.
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