Excited state analysis in the quasi-PDF matrix elements
R. Li, Y.B. Yang* and H.W. Lin
May 29, 2019
We study and demonstrate the ground-state extrapolation of the unpolarized and polarized nucleon quark quasi-PDF matrix elements in a highly boosted hadron frame on the lattice. The calculation is done using the Wilson clover quark on a MILC’s dynamical $N_f$ = 2+1+1 highly improved staggered quarks (HISQ) ensemble with one step hypercubic smearing, and with the lattice spacing $a\sim$0.09 fm and pion mass 310 MeV. Applying the Gaussian momentum-smeared quark sources and comparing various fits in 1-, 2-, and 3-state fitting models, we show that excited state contributions can be under control in the lattice calculation of the nucleon quark quasi-PDF matrix elements.
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