Localization and topology in high temperature QCD
2019 May 29
At high temperature part of the spectrum of the quark Dirac operator is known to consist of localized states. This comes about because around the crossover temperature to the quark-gluon plasma localized states start to appear at the low end of the spectrum and as the system is further heated, states higher up in the spectrum also get localized. Since localization and the crossover to the chirally restored phase happen around the same temperature, the question of how the two phenomena are connected naturally arises. Here we speculate on the nature of possible gauge configurations that could support localized quark eigenmodes. In particular, by analyzing eigenmodes of the staggerd and overlap Dirac operator we show that the dilute gas of calorons in the high temperature phase is very unlikely to play a major role in localization.