PoS - Proceedings of Science
Volume 340 - The 39th International Conference on High Energy Physics (ICHEP2018) - Parallel: Formal Theory
$\theta=\pi$ in $SU(N)/Z_N$ Theory
T. Suyama
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Published on: August 02, 2019
We discuss the spontaneous CP violation in Yang-Mills theory in four dimensions with the gauge group ${\rm SU}(N)$. For this purpose, we investigate Yang-Mills theory on $T^4$ with the gauge group ${\rm SU}(N)/\mathbb{Z}_N$ instead. The finite volume correction in this theory strongly suggests that the free energy density has a cusp in the range $(0,\pi)$ of the $\theta$-angle. This then implies the existence of the same cusp at $\theta=\pi$ in ${\rm SU}(N)$ theory, indicating the spontaneous CP violation.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22323/1.340.0619
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