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Volume 345 - International Conference on Hard and Electromagnetic Probes of High-Energy Nuclear Collisions (HardProbes2018) - Novel Theoretical & Experimental Developments
Bayesian extraction of $\hat{q}$ with multi-stage jet evolution approach
R. Soltz,* J. Collaboration
*corresponding author
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Pre-published on: 2019 January 14
Published on: 2019 April 24
The jet quenching or transverse diffusion coefficient, $\hat{q}=\langle(\Delta k_T)^2\rangle / L$, provides the primary metric that characterize the modification of hard jets in a QGP. A quantitative extraction of $\hat{q}$ from measurements requires sophisticated jet quenching theory, precise and extensive experimental data, as well as an advanced statistical framework that compares theory to data. Within the JETSCAPE collaboration we have developed a multi-stage approach of jet evolution, where the medium-modified parton showers at high virtuality scale are described using the DGLAP evolution and simulated with the MATTER event generator, while the in-medium elastic and inelastic scatterings of partons at low virtuality scale are described using a transport theory implemented with the LBT event generator. The transition from the DGLAP phase to the transport phase of jet modification, and its dependence on properties of the jet and the local medium, has previously only been approximately estimated. The goal of this work is to use the advanced statistical framework to determine this transition. To this end, a simplified version of the state-of-the-art JETSCAPE generator is embedded within a Bayesian analysis framework for a simultaneous calibration on jet quenching data at various centrality bins in 200~GeV Au-Au, 2.76~TeV Pb-Pb and 5.02~TeV Pb-Pb collisions, from which $\hat{q}$ is systematically extracted as functions of both jet energy and medium temperature. The dependence of $\hat{q}$ on the medium-induced virtuality scale is quantitatively explored for the first time. This virtuality, in combination with the local temperature and parton energy, serves as a crucial separation scale between the DGLAP region and the transport region for jet quenching. Its median value is determined to be 2.1 or 2.9~GeV for two different parameterizations of the jet quenching coefficient.
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