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Volume 346 - 23rd International Spin Physics Symposium (SPIN2018) - Plenary Sessions
Internal gas target experiments at the LHC
P. Di Nezza,* V. Carassiti, G. Ciullo, P. Lenisa, L.L. Pappalardo, E. Steffens, A. Vasilyev
*corresponding author
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Pre-published on: 2019 August 19
Published on: 2019 August 23
The physics opportunities offered by a fixed-target program using the proton and lead-ion beams of the LHC is wide and exciting.
The LHC beams can provide the most energetic fixed-target measurements by $pp$, $pA$, and $PbA$ collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}=$ 72-115 GeV probing unexplored regions of the kinematical plane, including the high-$x$ region. In the case of an unpolarized target the physics rich ranges from QCD to astroparticle, while the polarized target option opens the ground to novel measurements of TMDs, thereby contributing with a complementary approach to the understanding of the dynamics of the quark-gluon interplay inside the nucleon up to the 3-dimensional description of the nucleons. Among the main LHC experiments LHCb is the most suitable to host a fixed gas target. A description of the ongoing fixed-target proposals aimed at having the first LHC unpolarized data in Run3 and polarized data in Run4 will be discussed.
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