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Volume 346 - 23rd International Spin Physics Symposium (SPIN2018) - Parallel Session: Structure of the Nucleon: TMDs (A. Bacchetta, J. Drachenberg and B. Parsamyan)
Longitudinal and transverse spin transfer to $\Lambda$ and $\bar \Lambda$ hyperons in $p+p$ collisions at STAR
Q. Xu* on behalf of the STAR collaboration
*corresponding author
Full text: pdf
Pre-published on: 2019 August 19
Published on: 2019 August 23
The longitudinal or transverse spin transfer to Lambda and anti-Lambda hyperons in polarized proton-proton collisions is expected to be sensitive to the helicity or transversity distributions of strange and anti-strange quarks of the proton, and to the corresponding polarized fragmentation function. We report the first measurement of the transverse spin transfer to $\Lambda$ and $\bar \Lambda$ along the polarization direction of the fragmenting quark, $D_{TT}$, in transversely polarized proton-proton collisions at 200 GeV with the STAR experiment at RHIC. The data correspond to an integrated luminosity of 18 pb$^{-1}$, and cover a kinematic range of |$\eta$|< 1.2 and transverse momentum $p_T$ up to 8 GeV/c. We also report an improved measurement of the longitudinal spin transfer $D_{LL}$ to $\Lambda$ and $\bar \Lambda$ with $p_T$ up to 6 GeV/c, using data with about twelve times larger figure-of-merit than the previously published STAR results. The prospects of hyperon polarization measurements in the forward pseudo-rapidity region (2.5<$\eta$<4) in p+p collision in the year of 2021 and beyond will also be discussed, which is based on the STAR forward detector upgrade plan including a forward tracking system and a forward calorimeter system.
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