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Volume 346 - 23rd International Spin Physics Symposium (SPIN2018) - Parallel Session: Nucleon helicity structure (F. Kunne, W. Melnitchouk and B. Page)
Measurement of Longitudinal Single-Spin Asymmetry for W$^{\pm}$ Production in Polarized Proton+Proton Collisions at STAR
Q. Xu* on behalf of the STAR collaboration
*corresponding author
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Pre-published on: 2019 August 19
Published on: 2019 August 23
The sea quark contribution to the nucleon spin is an important piece for a complete understanding of the nucleon spin structure. The production of $W$ bosons in longitudinally polarized $p + p$ collisions at RHIC provides an unique probe for the sea quark polarization, through the parity-violating single-spin asymmetry, $A_L$. At the STAR experiment, $W$ bosons can be effectively detected through the leptonic decay channel $W \to e \nu $ with the Electromagnetic Calorimeters and Time Projection Chamber at mid-rapidity. The previous STAR measurements of $A_L$ for $W$ boson production from datasets taken in 2011 and 2012 have provided significant constraints on the helicity distribution functions of $\bar u$ and $\bar d$ quarks. In 2013 the STAR experiment collected $p+p$ data with an integrated luminosity of about 250 pb$^{-1}$ at $\sqrt s$ = 510 GeV with an average beam polarization of about $56\%$, which is about three times the total integrated luminosity of previous years. The final $A_L$ results from the STAR 2013 data sample are presented and are also combined with previous 2011+2012 results. The comparison with theoretical expectations suggests a flavor asymmetry with $\Delta \bar{u}(x)$ $>$$\Delta \bar{d}(x)$ for sea quark helicity distributions with $0.05 < x < 0.25$.
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