Monopole production via photon fusion at the LHC
2019 September 19
The existence of magnetic monopoles, also predicted in some GUT theories, would symmetrise Maxwell equations and explain the charge quantisation. Searches for them are being performed in cosmic telescopes as well as in collider experiments, such as MoEDAL and ATLAS. In this report, we focus on the, least explored, photon-fusion mechanism, yet Drell-Yan results are discussed, too. Cross sections for monopoles of spin 0, 1/2 and 1 for an effective monopole-velocity-dependent magnetic charge are presented. For spin-1/2 and spin-1 monopoles, a magnetic-moment term is included, which is treated as a new phenomenological parameter and, together with the velocity-dependent coupling, allows for a perturbative treatment of the cross-section calculation. We present an appropriate implementation of photon-fusion and Drell-Yan processes into MadGraph UFO models, aimed to serve as a useful tool in monopole searches at LHC, especially for photon fusion, given that it has not been considered by experimental collaborations recently. Moreover, the experimental implications of such perturbatively reliable monopole searches are discussed.