Gribov horizon, Polyakov loop and finite temperature
2019 September 19
We consider finite-temperature $SU(2)$ gauge theory in the continuum formulation. Choosing the Landau gauge, the existing gauge copies are taken into account by means of the Gribov-Zwanziger quantization scheme, which entails the introduction of a dynamical mass scale (Gribov mass) directly influencing the Green functions of the theory. Here, we determine simultaneously the Polyakov loop (vacuum expectation value) and Gribov mass in terms of temperature, by minimizing the vacuum energy with respect to the Polyakov-loop parameter and solving the Gribov gap equation. The main result is that the Gribov mass directly feels the deconfinement transition, visible from a cusp occurring at the same temperature where the Polyakov loop becomes nonzero. Finally, problems for the pressure at low temperatures are reported.