Study of Hysteresis Effect between Cosmic Ray Intensity and Solar Indices
2019 November 20
In order to perform the study of cosmic ray long-term modulation, we have used six monthly averaged cosmic ray data from Oulu (Rc = 0.78GV) and Rome (Rc = 6.32GV) neutron monitoring stations for three solar cycles. ( 21 - 23 ) with solar activity index (sunspot numbers). The detailed analysis of hysteresis effect between these two parameters has been done. The area of hysteresis loops and time lag with correlation coefficient between cosmic ray intensity and sunspot numbers have also been calculated and noticeable differences have been found during odd and even number solar cycles. Area of odd cycle loops is much larger than even cycle loop. Each hysteresis loop consists of a small secondary loop near solar maxima. Time lag between cosmic ray intensity and sunspot numbers is different in odd and even cycles. Implication and consequences of observed differences have been discussed in this paper.