Characterisation of Two PMT Models for the IceCube Upgrade mDOM
2019 July 22
The IceCube Upgrade will expand the IceCube Neutrino Observatory with nearly 800 new optical modules. A large fraction of these will be multi-PMT optical modules (mDOMs), featuring 24 PMTs pointing uniformly in all directions, providing an almost homogeneous angular coverage and providing an effective photosensitive area more than twice that of current IceCube optical modules. Two PMT models from different manufacturers are currently considered for use in the mDOM: a 3.5 inch PMT from HZC Photonics and a 3 inch PMT from Hamamatsu. Both PMTs have been characterized in terms of gain, timing, quantum efficiency and dark noise rate as a function of temperature. The obtained characterization results are presented here.