A parametrized catalog of radio galaxies as UHECR sources
2019 September 02
Many attempts have been made to provide catalogs of potential sources of ultra-high energy cosmic ray (UHECR) particles based on various astronomical tracers, such as observed radio or gamma-ray emission. A closer look reveals, however, that they all suffer from significant bias and selection effects. We present here a demo-version of a catalog for one often-discussed UHECR source class, radio galaxies (or radio-loud AGN), which is based on a complete theoretical description of jet-energetics, particle acceleration physics, relativistic beaming effects and nuclear composition, parametrized by a comprehensible set of adjustable physical quantities. In addition to the bright radio galaxies Centaurus A, Virgo A, Fornax A and Cygnus A discussed in previous work, we find several sources with blazar-like properties that can contribute on a similar level if relativistic beaming effects are considered. We present a simple method to test the basic properties of the catalog for any choice of parameters (without the need to run expensive simulations), and find that in the canonical case the anisotropy signals expected from radio galaxies promise to be in good agreement with current observational findings. In particular, radio galaxies can reproduce almost exactly the direction of the dipole above 8\,EeV detected by the Pierre Auger Observatory if we assume that extragalactic magnetic fields are strong (>1nG) only in structures, but very weak in voids. We plan to provide a completed and improved version of this catalog in electronic form, to be used in more detailed UHECR propagation simulations. For immediate applications, we suggest a complete set of 16 strong UHECR sources which can contribute to UHECR anisotropy on the level which can be currently probed by experiment, and note that 6 of them have not been considered in any previous studies.