All-Sky-ASTROGAM: a MeV Companion for Multimessenger Astrophysics
2019 July 22
In the era of multi-messenger astronomy it is of paramount importance to have in space a gamma-ray monitor capable of detecting energetic transients in the energy range from 0.1 MeV to a few hundred MeV, with good imaging capabilities. The All-Sky-ASTROGAM mission proposal aims to place into an L2 orbit a gamma-ray instrument ($\sim$ 100 kg) dedicated to fast detection, localization, and gamma-ray spectroscopy of flaring and merging activity of compact objects in the Universe, with unprecedented sensitivity and polarimetric capability in the MeV range. The instrument is based on the ASTROGAM concept, which combines three detection systems of space-proven technology: a silicon tracker in which the cosmic gamma rays undergo Compton scattering or a pair conversion, a scintillation calorimeter to absorb and measure the energy of the secondary particles, and an anticoincidence system to veto the prompt reaction background induced by charged particles. The gamma-ray imager and the platform will be connected through a boom and will have almost no occultation, making possible a continuous monitoring of every single gamma-ray source in the sky during the entire mission lifetime.