First Galactic Survey of Energy-Dependent Diffusion by HAWC
July 22, 2019
HAWC’s wide field-of-view enables unbiased observations of much of the galaxy, allowing for analysis of many candidate sources in the HAWC dataset. Recent work has allowed HAWC to start investigating electron diffusion around pulsars at TeV energies. Surveying electron diffusion at TeV energies along the galactic plane is a unique capability of HAWC that allows us to examine the sources of electrons in our galaxy and constrain the energy dependence of the diffusion mechanism. HAWC has already applied this model to the Geminga and Monogem pulsars. This work will expand the study to include multiple sources associated with pulsars in the latest HAWC dataset. Unlike older pulsars, lepton transport around young pulsars is likely to be dominated by advective processes. Using simple assumptions, both advective and diffusive processes predict that the size of the emission region follows a power law dependence on energy. This study has important consequences for the positron excess reported by space-based instruments; if electron diffusion is suppressed for tens of parsecs around pulsars relative to diffusion in the interstellar medium (a "two-zone" model), they may be able to explain at least part of the observed increase in the positron fraction above 10 GeV.
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