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Volume 358 - 36th International Cosmic Ray Conference (ICRC2019) - NU - Neutrino
Sensitivity to Atypical Tau Initiated Air Showers for a High-Altitude Optical Cherenkov Detector
A. Cummings,* R. Aloisio, M.E. Bertaina, F. Bisconti, F. Fenu, F. Salamida
*corresponding author
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Pre-published on: 2019 July 22
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The ANITA collaboration has recently announced the supposed observation of two upward going cosmic ray showers at earth emergence angles $27^{\circ}$ and $35^{\circ}$ with reconstructed energy $\sim$0.6~EeV. Upward air showers (UAS) are expected from tau leptons resulting from the interaction of astrophysical neutrinos inside the Earth. However, at emergence angles larger than $20^{\circ}$, the probability of tau emergence from a neutrino is less than $10^{-7}$, which makes a standard model explanation for these signals difficult.

If confirmed by other experiments, these energetic events would strengthen the argument for physics beyond the standard model. Both the proposed EUSO-SPB2 and the POEMMA instruments will be equipped with optical Cherenkov detectors in order to measure the Cherenkov emission from UAS, which, if aimed low enough below the horizon, could, in principle, capture these events as well. An observation in the Cherenkov channel would help to rule out anthropogenic and other explanations for these events. We present here the sensitivity to the ANITA anamolous events for a balloon based and a satellite based Cherenkov detector, as could be realized in the upcoming EUSO-SPB2 mission and the proposed POEMMA mission, respectively.
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