The energy-momentum tensor in lattice QCD and the Equation of State
2020 January 03
We present a new theoretical and practical strategy to renormalize non-perturbatively the energy-momentum tensor in lattice QCD based on the framework of shifted boundary conditions. As a preparatory step for the fully non-perturbative calculation, we apply the strategy at 1-loop order in perturbation theory determining the renormalization constants of both the gluonic and the fermionic components of the energy-momentum tensor. Using shifted boundary conditions, the entropy density of QCD is directly related to the expectation value of the space-time components of the renormalized energy-momentum tensor. We then discuss its practical implementation by numerical simulations of QCD with 3 flavours of Wilson quarks for temperatures between 2.5 GeV and 80 GeV.