$N\pi$ excited state contamination in nucleon 3-pt functions using ChPT
2019 December 05
The $N\pi$-state contribution to nucleon 3-pt functions involving the pseudoscalar density $P(x)$ and the time component $A_4(x)$ of the axial vector current are computed to LO in ChPT. In case of the latter the $N\pi$ contribution is O($M_N$) enhanced compared to the single-nucleon ground state contribution. In addition, a relative sign in two terms of the $N\pi$ contribution leads to an almost linear dependence on the operator insertion time, as it is observed in lattice data. In case of the pseudoscalar density the $N\pi$ contribution is strongly dependent on the momentum transfer, leading to a distortion of the pseudoscalar nucleon form factor. Finally, the $N\pi$ state contamination in the form factors result in a violation of the generalized Goldberger-Treiman relation as observed in various lattice calculations.