Tempered Lefschetz thimble method and its application to the Hubbard model away from half filling
2020 January 04
The tempered Lefschetz thimble method (TLTM) is a parallel-tempering algorithm towards solving the numerical sign problem. It tames both the sign and ergodicity problems simultaneously by tempering the system with the flow time of continuous deformations of the integration region. In this article, after reviewing the basics of the TLTM, we explain a new algorithm within the TLTM that enables us to estimate the expectation values precisely with a criterion ensuring global equilibrium and the sufficiency of the sample size. To demonstrate the effectiveness of the algorithm, we apply the TLTM to the quantum Monte Carlo simulation of the Hubbard model away from half filling on a two-dimensional lattice of small size, and show that the obtained numerical results agree nicely with exact values.