$(1+1)$-d $U(1)$ Quantum Link Models from Effective Hamiltonians of Dipolar Molecules
January 26, 2020
We study the promising idea of using dipolar molecular systems as analog quantum simulators for quantum link models, which are discrete versions of lattice gauge theories. In a quantum link model the link variables have a finite number of degrees of freedom and discrete values. We construct the effective Hamiltonian of a system of dipolar molecules with electric dipole-dipole interactions, where we use the tunable parameters of the system to match it to the target Hamiltonian describing a $U(1)$ quantum link model in $1+1$ dimensions.
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