Free caloron gas in high temperature quenched QCD
January 04, 2020
Across the finite temperature transition to the quark-gluon plasma, the QCD topological susceptibility decreases sharply. Thus in the high temperature phase the remaining topological objects (possibly calorons) form a weakly interacting dilute gas. The overlap Dirac operator,through its exact zero modes, allows one to measure the net topological charge. We show that separately the number of positively and negatively charged topological objects can also be extracted from the low end of the overlap Dirac spectrum. We find that slightly above the phase transition their number distributions are already consistent with an ideal gas of non-interacting topological objects.
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