Dirac Eigenvalue spectrum of $N_ f$ =2+1 QCD toward the chiral limit using HISQ fermions

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2020 January 16

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Abstract

We utilize the eigenvalue filtering technique combined with the stochastic estimate of the mode number to determine the eigenvalue spectrum. Simulations of (2 + 1)-flavor QCD are performed using the Highly Improved Staggered Quarks (HISQ/tree) action on $N_{\tau}$ = 8 lattices with aspect ratios $N_{\sigma}/N_{\tau}$ ranging from 5 to 7. The strange quark mass is fixed to its physical value $m_{s}^{\rm phy}$, and the light quark masses $m_{l}$ are varied from $m_{s}^{\rm phy}/40$ to $m_{s}^{\rm phy}/160$ which correspond to pion mass $m_{\pi}$ ranging from 110 MeV to 55 MeV in the continuum limit. We compute the chiral condensate and $\chi_{\pi} - \chi_{\delta}$ through the eigenvalue spectrum obtained from the the eigenvalue filtering method. We compare these results with those obtained from a direct calculation of the observables which involves inversions of the fermion matrix using the stochastic "noise vector" method. We find that these approaches yield consistent results. Furthermore, we also investigate the quark mass and temperature dependences of the Dirac eigenvalue density at zero eigenvalues to gain more insights about the $U_A(1)$ symmetry breaking in QCD.

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