Volume 364 - European Physical Society Conference on High Energy Physics (EPS-HEP2019) - Astroparticle Physics and Gravitational Waves
An overview of CALET observations after three years on the International Space Station
P.S. Marrocchesi* on behalf of the CALET Collaboration
*corresponding author
Full text: Not available
Abstract
The CALorimetric Electron Telescope CALET is a space-based instrument designed to carry out precision measurements of high energy cosmic-rays on the JEM-EF external platform of the ISS where it has been collecting science data continuously since mid October 2015.
Equipped with a thick (30 X$_{0}$ and $\sim$1.3 $\lambda_{I}$) calorimeter with an imaging pre-shower and with two independent subsystems to identify the charge of the incident particle, CALET has the depth, tracking capability, electron/proton discrimination and energy resolution to study hadrons, electrons and gamma rays in the cosmic radiation.
An overview of CALET observations is presented, based on the data taken during the first three years.
It includes a direct measurement of the electron+positron energy spectrum from 11 GeV to 4.8 TeV in good agreement with AMS-02 data in the region below $\sim$ 1~TeV and suggesting a flux suppression above 1 TeV. In the energy region below $\sim$ 300~GeV, CALET's spectral index is consistent with AMS-02, Fermi-LAT and DAMPE, while from $\sim$ 300~GeV to 600~GeV the spectrum is significantly softer than the spectra from the latter two experiments.
The proton spectrum has been measured from 50 GeV to 10 TeV covering, for the first time with a single space-borne instrument, the whole energy interval previously investigated in separate sub-ranges by magnetic spectrometers and calorimetric instruments. The observed spectrum is consistent with AMS-02 but it extends by nearly one order of magnitude higher in energy, showing a smooth transition of the power-law spectral index from -2.81 $\pm$ 0.03 (50-500 GeV) to -2.56 $\pm$ 0.04 (1-10 TeV), thereby providing evidence of a deviation from a single power law by more than 3 sigma.
In addition to its primary goal of identifying nearby sources of high-energy electrons and possible signatures of dark matter in the electron spectrum, CALET is carrying out extensive measurements of the energy spectra, relative abundances and secondary-to-primary ratios of elements from proton to iron and above (up to Z=40) studying the details of galactic particle propagation and acceleration.
Preliminary spectra of cosmic-ray nuclei are presented, together with gamma-ray observations and searches of an e.m. counterpart of LIGO/Virgo GW events
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