PoS - Proceedings of Science
Volume 366 - 5th Austrian Citizen Science Conference 2019 (ACSC2019) - Austrian Citizen Science Conference 2019
StaphMap Tyrol – pre-study on the prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococci (MRSA) in Tyrol
H. Oberhauser,* C. Lutz-Nicoladoni
*corresponding author
Full text: pdf
Published on: March 27, 2020
Abstract
Staphylococci are gram-positive bacteria, physiologically residing on human and animal skin and mucosa. Most clinically relevant is Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus), a facultative pathogenic organism provoking infections of skin and wounds, but also severe systemic infections in immunosuppressed patients. Methicillin-resistant strains of S. aureus (MRSA), associated with the health care system, termed hospital acquired (HA)-MRSA, have been a major hospital hygiene problem for decades and are the major cause of nosocomial infections. In a population without any contact to the health care system community acquired (CA)-MRSA, mostly higher pathogenic has been detected more frequently during the last years. Additionally, livestock-associated (LA)-MRSA, associated with massive use of antibiotics in industrial livestock farming, is found in man and beast.
With this pre-study to the project StaphMap Tyrol we investigated the prevalence of methicillin-sensitive S. aureus (MSSA) and MRSA in healthy probands. Pupils and teachers of seven Tyrolean high schools (n=173) from different districts took nasal swabs of themselves, which were analysed during a teaching project in the laboratories of the fhg and at the Section of Hygiene and Medical Microbiology. A further objective was to enable pupils to take part in a scientific project and to learn basic microbiological techniques. First preliminary data, obtained from this sampling reveal a prevalence of 21,4% S. aureus and 1,2% MRSA. Further investigations based on a representative sample size as well as genetic and epidemiological analysis will follow.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22323/1.366.0009
How to cite

Metadata are provided both in "article" format (very similar to INSPIRE) as this helps creating very compact bibliographies which can be beneficial to authors and readers, and in "proceeding" format which is more detailed and complete.

Open Access
Creative Commons LicenseCopyright owned by the author(s) under the term of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.