Luminosity measurement in proton-proton collisions at the CMS experiment
2019 November 15
Precision in the luminosity calibration is critical for determining fundamental parameters of the standard model and constraining or discovering beyond-the-standard-model processes at LHC. The luminosity determination at the LHC interaction point 5 with the CMS detector, using proton-proton collisions at 13 and 5.02 TeV during LHC Run 2 (2015–2018), is reported. The absolute luminosity scale is obtained using beam-separation ("van der Meer") scans. The dominant sources of systematic uncertainty are related to the knowledge of the scale of the beam separation provided by LHC magnets and the factorizability between the spatial components of the proton bunch density distributions in the transverse direction. When applying the van der Meer calibration to the entire data-taking period, a substantial contribution to the total uncertainty in the integrated luminosity originates from the measurement of the linearity and stability of the CMS luminosity detectors.