Volume 380 - Particles and Nuclei International Conference 2021 (PANIC2021) - Dark Matter and Cosmology
The Cygno experiment for Dark Matter direct detection
F.D. Amaro, E. Baracchini, L. Benussi, S. Bianco, C. Capoccia, M. Caponero, D.S. Cardoso, G. Cavoto, A. Cortez, I.A. Costa, E. Dané, G. Dho, F. Di Giambattista, E. Di Marco, G. D’Imperio, F. Iacoangeli, H.P. Lima Junior, A.d.S. Lopes Junior, G. Maccarrone, R.D.P. Mano, M. Marafini, R.R. Marcelo Gregorio, D. Marques, G. Mazzitelli, A.G. McLean, A. Messina, C.M.B. Monteiro, R.A. Nobrega, I.F. Pains, E. Paoletti, L. Passamonti, S. Pelosi, F. Petrucci, S. Piacentini*, D. Piccolo, D. Pierluigi, D. Pinci, A. Prajapati, F. Renga, R.J.d.C. Roque, F. Rosatelli, A. Russo, J.M.F. dos Santos, G. Saviano, N. Spooner, R. Tesauro, S. Tomassini, S. Torelli  on behalf of the CYGNO collaborationet al. (click to show)
Full text: pdf
Pre-published on: March 03, 2022
Published on: May 24, 2022
Abstract
Innovative experimental techniques are needed to further search for dark matter Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs).
The ultimate limit is represented by the ability to efficiently reconstruct and identify nuclear and electron recoil events at the experimental energy threshold.
Gaseous Time Projection Chambers (TPC) with optical readout are very promising candidates thanks to the 3D event reconstruction capability of the TPC technique and the high sensitivity and granularity of last generation light sensors.
The Cygno experiment is pursuing this technique by developing a TPC operated with ${\rm He}$:${\rm CF_4}$ gas mixture at atmospheric pressure equipped with a Gas Electron Multipliers (GEM) amplification stage that produces visible light collected by a scientific CMOS camera.
Events are then reconstructed with an innovative multi-stage pattern recognition algorithm based on advanced clustering techniques.
In this contribution, we present the performances of several prototype detectors assessed by exposing them to radioactive sources. We show that good energy and spatial resolution as well as discriminating power between nuclear and electron recoils is achieved in the keV energy range.
Finally, we discuss the plan to build a $1\:{\rm m^3}$ demonstrator expected to be installed and operated at LNGS in 2023/24.
This experimental campaign aims at proving the scalability of such a detector concept to a bigger apparatus able to significantly extend our knowledge about DM and neutrinos.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22323/1.380.0065
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