Modelling the data at the LHC
March 02, 2022
Measurements at hadron colliders rely on large scale quantum chromodynamics (QCD) Monte Carlo (MC) production for interpretation of the data.
MC simulations allow testing Standard Model (SM) with more accurate and precise calculations to understand perturbative QCD as well as electroweak effects. They also allow extrapolations of the irreducible backgrounds to signal phase-space regions for new physics searches, and for the measurements of rare SM processes.
In the MC codes, there are many pieces, approximations, and parameters and settings to compare to the data and tune.
Precise experimental measurements at the LHC require similar level of precision in theoretical calculations.
Cross sections measured at the LHC both by ATLAS and CMS experiments cover more than 14 orders of magnitude.
So far, SM cross section predictions are found to be in very good agreement with the data.
These cross sections are measured at different pp collision energies and compared to prediction up to next-to-next-to-leading order (NNLO) for many processes, and recently up to N$^3$LO for some of them. In this note, a few measurements relevant to data modelling are discussed.
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