PoS - Proceedings of Science
Volume 382 - The Eighth Annual Conference on Large Hadron Collider Physics (LHCP2020) - Poster session
Probe pT-dependent flow vector fluctuations with ALICE
E.G. Nielsen* on behalf of the ALICE collaboration
*corresponding author
Full text: pdf
Pre-published on: November 02, 2020
Published on: January 11, 2021
Abstract
One of the main goals of ultra-relativistic nuclear collisions is to create a new state of matter called the quark-gluon plasma (QGP) and study its properties. One of the experimental observables is the anisotropic flow $v_n$, defined as the correlation of the azimuthal angle of each particle with respect to a common symmetry plane $\Psi_n$. The $v_n$ and $\Psi_n$ represent the magnitude and the phase of a complex flow vector $V_n$, respectively. Azimuthal anisotropies are traditionally measured using 2- and/or multi-particle correlations over a large range in $p_\mathrm{T}$ and $\eta$. However, hydrodynamic calculations show that the event-by-event fluctuations in the initial conditions and the dynamics during the system expansion lead to flow vector fluctuation in $p_\mathrm{T}$ and/or $\eta$ (also called de-correlations of flow vector), including flow magnitude and flow angle fluctuations.\\
In this proceeding, we present the evidence of $p_{\rm T}$-dependent flow vector fluctuations in Pb--Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_{\rm NN}}}=5.02$ TeV, using both $v_{n}\{2\}/v_n[2]$ and $r_{n}$ observables. In addition, newly proposed four-particle correlations are used to study the contributions of flow magnitude and flow angle fluctuations separately. Considering that the size of flow vector fluctuations is sensitive to both initial conditions and the properties of the created QGP, these measurements will help us better constrain hydrodynamic models.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22323/1.382.0207
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