PoS - Proceedings of Science
Volume 390 - 40th International Conference on High Energy physics (ICHEP2020) - Parallel: Detectors for Future Facilities (incl. HL-LHC), R&D, Novel Techniques
Next-generation ultra-compact calorimeters based on oriented crystals
M. Soldani,* L. Bandiera, L. Bomben, C. Brizzolari, R. Camattari, G. Cavoto, D. De Salvador, V. Guidi, E. Lutsenko, V. Mascagna, A. Mazzolari, M. Moulson, M. Prest, M. Romagnoni, F. Ronchetti, A. Sytov, E. Vallazza
*corresponding author
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Pre-published on: February 03, 2021
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Abstract
Calorimeters based on oriented crystals provide unparalleled compactness and resolution in measuring the energy of electromagnetic particles. Recent experiments performed at CERN and DESY beamlines by the AXIAL/ELIOT experiments demonstrated a significant reduction in the radiation length inside tungsten and PbWO$_4$, the latter being the scintillator used for the CMS ECAL, observed when the incident particle trajectory is aligned with a lattice axis within $\sim 1^{\circ}$. This remarkable effect, being observed over the wide energy range from a few GeV to 1 TeV or higher, paves the way for the development of innovative calorimeters based on oriented crystals, featuring a design significantly more compact than currently achievable while rivaling the current state of the art in terms of energy resolution in the range of interest for present and future forward detectors (such as the KLEVER Small Angle Calorimeter at CERN SPS) and source-pointing space-borne $\gamma$-ray telescopes.
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