The Outer Detector (OD) system for Hyper-Kamiokande experiment
February 22, 2021
Hyper-Kamiokande, scheduled to begin construction as soon as 2020, is a next generation underground water Cherenkov detector, based on the highly successful Super-Kamiokande experiment. It will serve as a far detector, 295~km away, of a long baseline neutrino experiment for the upgraded J-PARC beam in Japan. It will also be a detector capable of observing --- far beyond the sensitivity of the Super-Kamiokande detector --- proton decay, atmospheric neutrinos, and neutrinos from astronomical sources.
An Outer Detector (OD) consisting of PMTs mounted behind the inner detector PMTs and facing outwards to view the outer shell of the cylindrical tank, would provide topological information to identify interactions originating from particles outside the inner detector. Any optimization would lead to a significant improvement for the physics goals of the experiment, which are the measurement of the CP leptonic phase and the determination of the neutrino mass hierarchy.
An innovative new setup using small 3" PMTs is being proposed for the Hyper-Kamiokande OD. They would give better redundancy, spatial, and angular resolution, as there would be twice or three times more photosensors that the original 8" design proposal of the experiment, and for a reduced cost. Several 3" PMT candidates considered for the Hyper-Kamiokande OD have been characterized for this study. They all show a very low dark counts and good collection efficiency, which makes them excellent choice to be used in the experiment.
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