Volume 395 - 37th International Cosmic Ray Conference (ICRC2021) - CRD - Cosmic Ray Direct
Results from a Pilot Study on the Measurement of Nuclear Fragmentation with NA61/SHINE at the CERN SPS: $^\text{11}$C Production in C+p Interactions at 13.5 A GeV/c
N. Amin
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Pre-published on: July 21, 2021
Published on:
Abstract
We report the analysis of data taken during a pilot run in 2018 to study the feasibility of nuclear fragmentation measurements with the NA61/SHINE experiment at the CERN SPS.
These nuclear reactions are important for the interpretation of secondary cosmic-ray nuclei production (Li, Be, and B) in the Galaxy.

The pilot data were taken with $^{12}\text{C}$ projectiles at a beam momentum of 13.5 A GeV/c and two fixed targets, polyethylene (C$_2$H$_4$) and graphite.
The specific focus here is the measurement of total Boron ($^{10}\text{B}$ and $^{11}\text{B}$) production cross section in C+p interactions at 13.5 A GeV/c.
The cosmic-ray nucleus $^{11}\text{C}$ is termed a `Ghost nucleus' on account of its short lifetime compared to the usual cosmic-ray diffusion time in the Galaxy and it ultimately decays to Boron as, $^{11}\text{C} \to ^{11}\text{B} + \beta^+$.
Therefore, precise knowledge of the production cross section of $^{11}\text{C}$ is very relevant for the understanding of Boron production in the Galaxy.
We present a preliminary measurement of the fragmentation cross section of $\text{C} + \text{p} \to ^{11}\text{C}$, which, together with our previously reported B-production cross section, provides a new constraint on boron production in the Galaxy in the high-energy range relevant for modern space based cosmic-ray experiments like AMS-02.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22323/1.395.0102
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