PoS - Proceedings of Science
Volume 395 - 37th International Cosmic Ray Conference (ICRC2021) - CRI - Cosmic Ray Indirect
Cosmic Ray Composition between 2 PeV and 2 EeV measured by the TALE Fluorescence Detector
T. AbuZayyad
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Pre-published on: July 05, 2021
Published on:
Abstract
The Telescope Array (TA) cosmic rays detector located in the State
of Utah in the United States is the largest ultra high energy cosmic rays
detector in the northern hemisphere. The Telescope Array Low Energy Extension
(TALE) fluorescence detector (FD) was added to TA in order to lower the
detector's energy threshold, and has succeeded in measuring the cosmic rays
energy spectrum down to PeV energies, by making use of the direct Cherenkov
light produced by air showers. In this contribution we present the results
of a measurement of the cosmic-ray composition using TALE FD data collected
over a period of $\sim$7 years. TALE FD data is used to measure the
$X_{\rm max}$ distributions of showers seen in the energy range of
$10^{15.3}$ - $10^{18.3}$eV. The data distributions are fit to Monte Carlo
distributions of {H, He, N, Fe} cosmic-ray primaries for energies up to
$10^{18}$eV. Mean $X_{\rm max}$ values are measured for the full energy
range. TALE observes a light composition at the "Knee", that gets gradually
heavier as energy increases toward the "Second-Knee". An increase in the
$X_{\rm max}$ elongation rate is observed at energies just above $10^{17.3}$eV
indicating a change in the cosmic rays composition from a heavier to a
lighter mix of primaries.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22323/1.395.0346
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