Measurement of the improved angular resolution of GRAPES-3 EAS array by the observation of the Moon shadow
D. Pattanaik*, S. Ahmad, M. Chakraborty, A. Chandra, S.R. Dugad, U.D. Goswami,
S.K. Gupta, B. Hariharan, Y. Hayashi, P. Jagadeesan, A. Jain, P. Jain, S. Kawakami, H. Kojima, S. Mahapatra, P.K. Mohanty, R. Moharana, Y. Muraki, P.K. Nayak, T. Nonaka, A. Oshima, B.P. Pant, G.S. Pradhan, P.S. Rakshe, M. Rameez, K. Ramesh, L.V. Reddy, R. Sahoo, R. Scaria, S. Shibata, J. Soni, K. Tanaka, F. Varsi and M. Zuberiet al. (click to show)
July 30, 2021
March 18, 2022
The Moon acts as a shield against the cosmic rays, preventing them from reaching the earth, which gives rise to a deficit in the flux along the direction of the Moon. The observed deficit can be used for obtaining the absolute calibration of the angular resolution and to verify the pointing accuracy of the array. GRAPES-3 is an extensive air shower experiment located at Ooty, India consisting of a dense array of scintillator detectors. It records $\sim$$10^9$ showers per year with a median energy of 10 TeV. With the precise determination of the arrival time of shower particles and an accurate correction for the shower front curvature, a major improvement in the angular resolution of the array has been achieved. This was done by the array division methods including the left-right and even-odd methods. Here, we present a verification of the angular resolution estimates and the pointing accuracy by observing shadow of the Moon in the cosmic ray flux.
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